You want to know where street art came from?
Where was street art born?
Street-art was born in the United States in the 70s. It later arrived in Europe at the beginning of the 80s.
Urban design (or ” street art “ as we commonly refer to it today) is a contemporary artistic movement. It includes all forms of art created within a street environment, or in public places. It regroups diverse techniques such as graffiti, stencils, mosaics, stickers or installations. It is considered a short-lived art form displayed for a large amount of people.
It is inside New York’s subway that America first discovered the graffiti in the 1970s.
At first it was through simple representations of tags (street artist signatures) in enormous quantities, while subways and carriages were very quickly covered with these inscriptions.
In only a few years, graffiti artists improved their works by adopting more diverse styles, colors and forms, creating and nurturing what was then a largely underestimated artistic form.
Cornbread is considered as the pioneer of the movement Graff. He signed all the walls of Philadelphia by love for a woman. The local press spotted him and challenged him to put his name in the most impossible places. The high visibility of the affair activated lots of vocations in all the city.
It was during the Second World War in Détroit that was born the first graffiti (in the strict sense; that has been realized with an aerosol spray. Kilroy, an American who worked in a factory of manufacturing of bombs, wrote “Kilroy was here” on the walls of his production line and on sp
Cornbread is considered the pioneer of the Graff movement. He signed all the walls of Philadelphia to express his love for a woman. The local press spotted him and challenged him to put his name in the most impossible places. It is through the high visibility of the affair that many vocations were born that day throughout Philadelphia.
But it was during the Second World War in Detroit that the graffiti was truly born (in the strict sense of the term, i.e., that had been realized with an aerosol spray). Kilroy, an American who worked in a weapons factory, wrote “Kilroy was here” on the walls of his production line and on sprays. Kilroy quickly became notorious to American soldiers who used weapons he had manufactured by chanting his slogan and by writing it on the walls by which they passed.
How it crossed frontiers?
In 1968, numerous industrialized countries such as France has to deal with a wave of contestation of the consumer society and the capitalism.
This context favored the development of way of contestation by the visual communication: graffiti, stencils, slogans, installations… From this period, some street artists became major figures of the French street art as Miss Trick, Jef Aérosol or C215. I invite you to click on the link to know more about them.
Because of a law which punished the graffiti artists, at the beginning of the 80s, in New York, they migrated. They went at first towards the disadvantaged districts, then towards the other American big cities. Although considered as a full art by numerous artists and specialists, the fast development of graffiti imposed in politics the creation of laws which wanted to erase the movement.
We see appearing graffs in Chicago, Los Angeles, Paris, Berlin, etc. The key word for the artists is: freedom of expression.
Nowadays, some areas allow artists to paint on walls to express their self. And, famous artists are asked by the city to make official street art. It’s part of tourism.